Sacred Valley of the Incas Full Day
- Location: Cusco / Peru
- Duration: Full Day
- Departures: Evereyday
- Places to visit: Sacred Valley of the Incas
The second day of visit in Cusco is recommended to realize the sacred valley tour of the Incas, They are collected from your hotel between 07.30 hrs. And 7:45 a.m. You will have a guided tour through the sacred valley of the Incas, visit Chinchero, Ollantaytambo, lunch buffet in Urubamba, Pisac ruins, Pisac village, returning to the city between 18:00 hrs. And 18:30 hrs.
1.- The sacred valley of the Incas:
In the 15th century, two Inca sovereigns, Pachacuti Yupanqui and Tupac Yupanqui, created an immense empire in South America, which ran from southern Colombia to central Chile and occupied much of the Andean territories of Peru, Bolivia and North of Argentina. The empire of the Four Regions of the Sun, or Tahuantinsuyo, stretched over more than 4,000 kilometers from north to south and was articulated by an impressive road network, 40,000 kilometers long. The neuralgic center of that powerful state was located in the heart of the Peruvian sierra: in a wide area at more than 3,000 meters altitude where the city of Cusco, capital of the Empire and court of the Incas, rose. This area was crossed by the denominated Sacred Valley, a territory that extends along the river Vilcanota-Urubamba, of extraordinary agricultural wealth and marked by a series of splendid Inca fortresses.
The Vilcanota was a sacred river for the Incas, who saw in this course of water the terrestrial counterpart of the Milky Way. The river is born in the glaciers of the mountain range of Vilcanota and changes its name to the one of Urubamba in its descent towards the thicket of the Amazon rainforests in the Andean region. In its route unites two of the most sacred mountains for that pre-Columbian civilization: the snow-covered one of Ausangate and the snowed one of the Salcantay. Its waters are nourished by snow from the snowmelt of the Veronica or Wacay Wilca, a female mountain considered the “wife” of the Salcantay. Just at the edge of a slope that descends from the Salcantay, on a promontory surrounded by the waters of the Urubamba River, the Incas built the extraordinary ceremonial citadel of Machu Picchu, royal residence of the first emperors and sacred center for worship of the surrounding mountains .
2.- Artisanal market of Pisac:
Located 30 km from the city of Cusco, the main square of Pisac is home to this market, a colorful and lively place, where the most famous handicrafts from Cusco are displayed, among handicrafts, textiles, ponchos, bags, etc. , And ceramic handicrafts, which are reproductions of Inca archaeological pieces, such as keros (ceremonial vessels), necklaces, etc. Indigenous merchants and craftsmen from many villages, dressed in their traditional costumes, attend this fair.
3.-Archaeological center of Pisac
The most extensive of the fortresses of the Sacred Valley and of all the Inca civilization is that of Pisac.
Nestled on an abrupt rocky promontory, the roads leading to it defy precipices and traverse tunnels dug into the rock. The heart of the settlement includes a temple dedicated to the Sun or Intihuatana, which includes some of the most exquisite examples of Inca stone architecture. The sector called Kalla Q’asa also has a chain of ritual baths.
The heights of Pisac visually dominate the rocky cliffs across the throat of Quitamayo, whose caves were used for funeral purposes. In times of the Incas it was frequent that the bodies of the deceased were placed in caves or machays, which were called mallquihuasis or “houses of mummified ancestors”. Unfortunately, most of the burials in the necropolis of Pisac were plundered by treasure hunters before archaeologists could study them. From a military point of view, this fortified enclave at the foot of the eastern Andes controlled the access to Paucartambo and to the leafy jungles of the Peruvian Amazon. However, in spite of its strategic location, no evidence is known that attributed to Pisac a prominent role during the Inca resistance to the Spanish occupation. An imposing set of cultivated fields descend down the steep slopes of the mountain, towards the colonial town of Pisac, now famous for its picturesque Sunday market. In the background stands the figure of the Pachatusan, a sacred mountain to which the Incas revered as “support of the world”.
4.- Archaeological center of Ollantaytambo:
Legend has it that Ollantay (the Titan of the Andes) of plebeian origin, loved the princess Cusi Coyllor (the joyful star) daughter of King Inca Pachacútec, who disagreed with this love.
Pachacútec sent the princess to a house of Virgin, Ollántay tried to kidnap her from there, without succeeding and managed to flee. From the fortress that Ollántay had in command he rebelled against Pachacútec, and after bloody battles he was defeated, but the generosity of Pachacútec made him to forgive the life of Ollántay.
The foundation of Ollantaytambo is attributed to Ollántay, and prevails the military fortress that protected this zone of the valley, strategically located between two mountains. Nowadays this fortress can be seen, as well as the rich Inca archaeological sites, made up of the Inti temple (sun god), the baths of the Ñustas (princesses), the chullpas of Cachiccata, a group of terraces symmetrically staggered and very steep in The slope of a hill.
At the summit of the archaeological complex there are six monoliths of enormous size, assembled with incredible precision, which have engraved mysterious motifs of Inca iconography.
The present town of Ollantaytambo, has many houses built on the bases of the old Inca town, where they inhabit natives of rooted ancestral customs.
The complexity and beauty of Inca buildings and the contemporary people, the vast agricultural complex, great administrative and social center, religious and military, is considered by many scientists and historians as one of the most important living museums in the world.
Ollantaytambo is located 97 km (60 miles) from Cusco, 2,846 m.s.n.m. (9,337 feet). Train station to Machu Picchu.
5.- Archeological center of Chinchero:
On the way back to Cusco we will visit the picturesque village of Chinchero, where the remains of the royal hacienda of Tupac Inca Yupanqui are found. You will admire your well preserved Inca wall in the main square and visit the beautiful colonial temple with interesting frescoes on the porch, built on the bases of an Inca building.
Includes - No Included
What is included for this day?
- Professional Guide
- Tourist transport
- Lunch Buffet (Restaurant Tunupa)
- Entrance tickets (BTG or BTP)
What is not included on this day?
- Extra food or drinks
We recommend you keep in mind for this day
- Bring an extra drink for the road
- Jacket or windbreak
- Selfye toothpick
- Have the tourist tickets (BTG or BTP)